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W1 Assignment: Choose 1—Write a 1-page summary of your ethical analysis. Choose

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W1 Assignment: Choose 1—Write a 1-page summary of your ethical analysis. Choose one of the Assignments below and write a 1-page summary. This assignment is worth 5 points.
All ethical decisions affect others (by definition) and, as Aristotle points out, ethical decision making is achieved consistently onlythrough practice. Given the outline ofvirtue ethics provided by Aristotle (i.e., seeking the real goods via the moral virtues), evaluate the moral permissibility of the conduct in question in each scenario.Important note on method: Critical thinking requires the ability to evaluate viewpoints, facts, and behaviors objectivelyto assess informationor methods of argumentationto establish the true worth or merit of an act or course of conduct.
Qs.1: Brewing Up a Storm
An undercover police officer was on duty inside a bar conducting surveillance activities on crime suspects. The officer bought a beer to maintain her cover. Unbeknownst to the officer, buying the beer automatically qualified her for a contest sponsored by a beer company. The grand prize winner would win a new car worth $20,000. It was later announced that the undercover officer was the grand prize winner. Her employer, the New York City Police Department (NYPD), believes the car should be turned over to the department because she bought the beer with department money and was on duty at the time. The officer argues that the car should be hers because her employer did not require her to buy beer at the bar. She merely had some good luck, and the department wishes to capitalize unfairly on her good fortune. The case was sent to the city’s Board of Ethics to settle the dispute.
As a member of the Board of Ethics, how would you evaluate the competing claims of the officer and the NYPD?
Would your answer be different if the undercover officer walked into the bar and was awarded the new car for being the 10,000th customer inside the bar?
Qs.2. A Large Contribution
Stanley Ho is an 85-year-old millionaire known as the “King of Gambling” in Macau (a Chinese territory). He is a major casino developer, and father of seventeen children, who has been scrutinized and investigated for links to organized crime. He has said that “these reports only say I know some Triad members. Well, maybe you have come across some to be associated with or to know someone is completely different.”31 Ho has never been charged with a crime.
Ho made a gift to Oxford University in the amount of $5 million, which will be used to pay for university initiatives in Chinese studies. He was approved by Oxford’s ethics committee to make the gift, one of the largest individual donations ever made to the university.
Should Oxford accept the gift from a person whose background has been questioned?
Are there any circumstances under which a university should not accept a monetary gift from an individual or organization?
Qs.3. Homeless Man Returns Diamond Ring
A homeless man panhandling in Kansas City, Missouri was asking passersby for change, while holding an empty cup. A woman dropped some change into the cup, but her diamond ring accidentally fell into the cup at the same time, and she did not notice it. (She kept the ring in her pocket because it irritated her finger.)
The homeless man did not notice the ring until he was getting ready to leave for the day. He thought the ring was a fake, but had it appraised and found it was worth $4,000. The homeless man kept the ring, hoping the owner would come by again, which she did two days later.
He returned the ring to her, saying his upbringing did not allow him to pawn the ring, “It’s a blessing but I do still have some character.” The woman’s fiancée later started an online fund-raising drive to raise funds for the homeless man for his honesty. Within a week more than 6,000 people had donated money to him.
Evaluate the moral permissibility of returning the ring, accidentally dropped into the cup of the homeless man.

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